The synergy of data science (including big data and machine learning) and HPC yields many benefits for data-intensive applications in terms of more accurate predictive data analysis and better decision making. For instance, in the context of the HPDaSc (High Performance Data Science) project between Inria and Brazil, we have shown the importance of realtime analytics to make critical high-consequence decisions in HPC applications, e.g., preventing useless drilling based on a driller’s realtime data and realtime visualization of simulated data, or the effectiveness of ML to deal with scientific data, e.g., computing Probability Density Functions (PDFs) over simulated seismic data using Spark.
However, to realize the full potential of this synergy, ML models (or models for short) must be built, combined and ensembled, which can be very complex as there can be many models to select from. Furthermore, they should be shared and reused, in particular, in different execution environments such as HPC or Spark clusters.
To address this problem, we proposed Gypscie [Porto 2022, Zorrilla 2022], a new framework that supports the entire ML lifecycle and enables model reuse and import from other frameworks. The approach behind Gypscie is to combine several rich capabilities for model and data management, and model execution, which are typically provided by different tools, in a unique framework. Overall, Gypscie provides: a platform for supporting the complete model life-cycle, from model building to deployment, monitoring and policies enforcement; an environment for casual users to find ready-to-use models that best fit a particular prediction problem, an environment to optimize ML task scheduling and execution; an easy way for developers to benchmark their models against other competitive models and improve them; a central point of access to assess models’ compliance to policies and ethics and obtain and curate observational and predictive data; provenance information and model explainability. Finally, Gypscie interfaces with multiple execution environments to run ML tasks, e.g., an HPC system such as the Santos Dumont supercomputer at LNCC or a Spark cluster.
Gypscie comes with SAVIME [Silva 2020], a multidimensional array in-memory database system for importing, storing and querying model (tensor) data. The SAVIME open-source system has been developed to support analytical queries over scientific data. Its offers an extremely efficient ingestion procedure, which practically eliminates the waiting time to analyze incoming data. It also supports dense and sparse arrays and non-integer dimension indexing. It offers a functional query language processed by a query optimiser that generates efficient query execution plans.
[Porto 2022] Fabio Porto, Patrick Valduriez: Data and Machine Learning Model Management with Gypscie. CARLA 2022 – Workshop on HPC and Data Sciences meet Scientific Computing, SCALAC, Sep 2022, Porto Alegre, Brazil. pp.1-2.
[Zorrilla 2022] Rocío Zorrilla, Eduardo Ogasawara, Patrick Valduriez, Fabio Porto: A Data-Driven Model Selection Approach to Spatio-Temporal Prediction. SBBD 2022 – Brazilian Symposium on Databases, SBBD, Sep 2022, Buzios, Brazil. pp.1-12.
[Silva 2020] A.C. Silva, H. Lourenço, D. Ramos, F. Porto, P. Valduriez. Savime: An Array DBMS for Simulation Analysis and Prediction. Journal of Information Data Management 11(3), 2020.